Then, in the 1960s, a new points system admitted immigrants based on education, job skills, proficiency in English or French, and ties to Canada. Congress. And one third are what you could call ‘soft multiculturalists’: They support the current policies, but with reservations. Canadians, he observes, aren’t as tolerant as they think they are. World population is headed for a steep decline, yet Canada’s is growing. Speakers may not be confirmed. People didn’t want to live there, and many who were there wanted to leave. I have collected 13 Ted Talks that cover a variety of issues intersecting racism, colorism and prejudice. Other settler countries, like the US or New Zealand, have such a strong national ethos that newcomers know they must embrace it or go elsewhere. Immigration stalemate looms before talks even begin. About 6 in 10 Americans and Canadians oppose allowing religious headgear for police officers and members of the military; about 4 in 10 oppose requiring employers to make a special effort to hire minorities and immigrants; about 2 in 10 oppose allowing women to wear a hijab in public. Quebec grapples with preserving its identity while also bringing in enough immigrants to offset its low fertility rate. There’s a push to increase that number to 450,000, bringing Canada’s population to 100 million by 2100. Millions more arrived from Europe after the First World War and the Second. This is what an immigration policy for the 21st century should actually look like U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents gather before serving an … But they argue less fiercely than elsewhere. Legal scholars, though, believe he can. But that’s why people come to Canada, find so many of their own kind there, and live happily and well, although they sigh regretfully when it becomes clear their children have no interest in learning the old language. Obama’s former ICE man on immigration. Mohammed was granted asylum and now lives in Canada where he counsels newly arrived Syrian refugee families. As nations go, Canada is pretty much a failure — but that’s been the secret sauce of its postnational, multicultural success. And that support could change.”. Published by Crown Publishing Group, a division of Penguin Random House, LLC. Most nations have responded with similar measures — stay-at-home advisories, shutdown of non-essential businesses, social distancing — but the scope of these changes has varied and so has the human impact. The less the sense of self, the less the sense that another is the Other. Today, legacies are formed not only by people, but also by companies, institutions and movements. -- Thoreaulylazy 03:28, 28 December 2006 (UTC) Explain the purpose of the act and what it did more directly. Keith Banting of Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, and his students have tracked the country’s attitudes toward immigration. Check event website for more information. In this short introductory talk Maz humorously presents the inner struggles of every immigrant. But Sifton wasn’t willing to give up. Every individual has the power to form a legacy. His gamble paid off. Half the population of the Greater Toronto Area, now North America’s fourth largest, is foreign-born. Open Translation Project. “The population could roughly be divided three ways,” he argues. Because the ability to speak French advantages immigrants into Quebec, the province has a different mix of newcomers. This idea was anathema to many. translators. Canadians embrace refugees and immigrants because they have learned it is in their interest to welcome them. The current coronavirus pandemic is a truly global one; in fact, Antarctica is the only continent with no cases (although that could change). Hundreds of people, mostly Somalis, sought asylum in Canada. "We're walking melting pots of culture," Rain says. Clarke’s essay, “A Black Man Talks about Race Prejudice in White Canada,” examines a key issue in 1960s Black Canadian activism–an immigration policy known as the “Domestic Scheme,”which largely limited West Indian migration to Canada to … As one person observed, without Sifton we would never have had Wayne Gretzky. Copyright © 2019 by Darrell Bricker and John Ibbitson. What’s its secret? It wasn’t much to hang a nationalist hat on. But Hungary is as Hungarian as Japan is Japanese: 90 percent of the population is ethnically Hungarian, or Magyar. The unspoken underpinning of Canada’s otherwise welcoming immigration policy is a giant and assiduously […] Miriam came to the U.S at a very young age and believes that people need to change the way they think about immigrants. In a personal talk, he breaks down the mischaracterizations and limited narratives of immigrants and shares the stories of the worlds they belong to. This 2018 TED talk from the multidisciplinary artist delves into Rucker’s personal collection of artifacts connected to slavery as well as his pursuit of a pristine Ku Klux Klan (KKK) robe. One poll showed that two-thirds of Canadians did not consider the asylum seekers legitimate refugees. The chaos at the border — at one point, the army was called in to provide temporary accommodation — undermined confidence in Canada’s immigration system. Ted Cruz talks of using Immigration and Customs Enforcement to search for and deport millions. “One third of Canadians really don’t support multiculturalism. As minister of the interior in the cabinet of Wilfrid Laurier, the first Québécois prime minister, he had to find a way to increase immigration and fill the empty Prairies. Legacies shape our understanding of the past, how we live in the present, and our vision for the future. It is also typical of the world’s most cosmopolitan country: 20 percent of its population was not born in Canada, a percentage that keeps climbing. Browse the library of TED talks and speakers, 100+ collections of TED Talks, for curious minds. Chris Anderson is the Curator of TED, a nonprofit devoted to sharing valuable ideas, primarily through the medium of 'TED Talks' -- short talks that are offered free online to a global audience. Policies kept Chinese and other Asians from moving there. But now, at TEDxWomen, she tells a very personal story: the story of her family -- mother, grandmother and sister -- fleeing Vietnam and building a new life. The message is stark. As people flooded in, editorialists lamented the lack of a strong national identity. He says Trump’s wall would “would probably compromise border security more than it would help it.” The population is roughly 40 percent Inuit, 40 percent First Nations, and 20 percent everyone else — including about 49 Arabs. But Washington is … Learn more about the ... Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Ahmed Hussen is Canada’s Immigration Minister and Member of Parliament for the riding of York South-Weston. Upon arrival in Canada, do these migrants sink into poverty, living in dingy apartment towers in high-crime neighborhoods? In this lesson, explore the themes of resilience, human rights, and cultural displacement. Between the 1990s and now, Canada has brought in the equivalent of three new Torontos, with arrivals from China, India, Philippines, and other nations. Go deeper into fascinating topics with original video series from TED. It's an incredibly complicated topic, with political disagreement about how immigration affects a nation's economy. Intellectuals and politicians refer to “interculturalism” in Quebec — the effort to integrate other cultures into the majority francophone culture while respecting differences. Michael Rain is on a mission to tell the stories of first-generation immigrants, who have strong ties both to the countries they grew up in and their countries of origin. In a world where populations are aging, Canada’s ages more slowly, because the average age of immigrants is seven years younger than the general population. To equal Canada’s intake, on a per capita basis, the US would need to accept about 3 million legal immigrants a year — three times its current level. The country was already divided between French Quebec and the rest of Canada, a division that threatened the unity and existence of the dominion from its birth in 1867. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). When summer arrived, many others, mostly Haitians, crossed into Quebec; almost 6,000 in August alone. Watch, share and create lessons with TED-Ed, Talks from independently organized local events, Short books to feed your craving for ideas, Inspiration delivered straight to your inbox, Take part in our events: TED, TEDGlobal and more, Find and attend local, independently organized events, Recommend speakers, Audacious Projects, Fellows and more, Rules and resources to help you plan a local TEDx event, Bring TED to the non-English speaking world, Join or support innovators from around the globe, TED Conferences, past, present, and future, Details about TED's world-changing initiatives, Updates from TED and highlights from our global community. Attitudes toward immigration policy are driven by fears about cultural diversity, not just individual economic circumstances. If nationalism helps hold a country together, it also excludes. He jokes about the inconvenience of personal identity being woven into a ‘citizenship,’ and talks about the anxiety of traveling as an Iranian. While the president-elect seldom shared specific policies or actions he’d take, he’s made several promises when it comes to immigration. If you watch them you will see how these issues encompass nearly every facet of a person of color's every day life. Canadians have accepted levels of immigration that would flummox people in most countries. Watch Darrell Bricker’s TEDxToronto talk here: Darrell Bricker is chief executive officer of Ipsos Public Affairs, the world's leading social and opinion research firm. Biases remained. A country of 35.2 million — 5 percent more than there were five years earlier, according to the 2016 census — brings in 300,000 people each year. TED.com translations are made possible by volunteer It probably is no coincidence that Quebec takes in a smaller share of immigrants. Diluting the Protestant, Anglo-Saxon culture in English Canada would further weaken it, critics warned. Any country that wants to stave off the effects of population decline — the sluggish or nonexistent growth; the declining tax base and growing debt; the waning number of young — must adopt the Canadian Solution, an immigration level of 1 percent of population annually, or close to it. The new arrivals would be Catholic or Orthodox, not speaking English; they’d never integrate. No. John Ibbitson is writer at large for the Globe and Mail, Canada's national newspaper. But Sifton didn’t care. Yet that might be impossible. So there are tensions. In defining what binds you to others in your nation — your language, religion, genes, shared assumptions (one kiss on the cheek vs. one kiss on each cheek) you are distinguishing your group from other groups. “Well, at least we’re not Americans,” people concluded. Iraq is the biggest source country of immigrants in Windsor, followed by the United States and Italy. Canada remains a nation steeped in the democratic and parliamentary traditions of Great Britain, the free, fraternal and equal aspirations of France, the European principles of religious and social tolerance. Today I bring you 5 TED marvels on inclusion and diversity. The US, recovered from its civil war, surged ahead, as millions streamed from Europe to its shores. Canadian politicians must preserve tolerance within the mosaic, a mosaic that’s still a far more successful and resilient structure than nationalism. So hijabs on the street are an abomination, but the crucifix in the National Assembly is perfectly reasonable. Now it was French and British and — a lot of other things. In fact, Canadians living outside Quebec aren’t very different from Americans in their attitudes. US Census data from 1920 reveals that recent immigrants gave their children more foreign Every nation in Europe and Asia with a birth rate at or below replacement rate has the choice to become like Canada, or decline. Immigrants to Canada are, on average, better educated than native-born Canadians. Mass migrations are part of our modern reality: The number of people forcibly displaced from their homes, by war or persecution, ballooned to 68.5 million people in 2017, according to the UN. That discovery is part of its DNA — and the unintended consequence of the fact that, as nations go, Canada is pretty much a failure. It wasn’t much to hang a nationalist hat on. First and foremost, immigration was an economic policy, designed to buttress the population. Canada used to be French and British. Every Canadian who is truly Canadian cherishes these things. The White House is pushing for action, and lawmakers are crafting proposals. In a personal talk, he breaks down the mischaracterizations and limited narratives of immigrants and shares the stories of the worlds they belong to. It’s “the greatest hotel on earth,” Canadian writer Yann Martel called it. U.S. immigration arrests down 27% in 2020, a trend activists hope Biden will continue By Ted Hesson 12/23/2020 Capitol Police official tells Congress he saw no … His solution was, for the time, incredibly radical: Aggressively recruit immigrants from Eastern Europe. If I ever feel underwhelmed in work or life I turn to TED Talks for a dose of inspiration. The xenophobic Hungarian prime minister, Viktor Orbán, calls refugees a “poison.” A nation of just under 10 million, Hungary is losing more than 30,000 people a year, and aging rapidly. Pope Francis delivers a TED talk in Vatican City that was broadcast at the TED2017 conference in Vancouver, Canada, on April 25. Immigration profile: Windsor, Ontario (Census Metropolitan Area) Quick facts: Almost a quarter, 23%, of Windsor’s population are immigrants. The half-foreign-born City of Toronto, with a population of 2.6 million usually has fewer than 60 murders a year, making it the eighth-safest city on earth. Its origins are Uralic rather than Indo-European, and there are 35 different cases and 14 vowels. A TED Talk can be a great ESL listening tool for young students and adult students alike.You have thousands of diverse videos to choose from, so there’s bound to be videos that work for all age levels, English … As a tolerant, peaceful, multicultural and growing postnation, it seems to work pretty well. The less nationalist the state, the easier the job of absorbing immigrants. The weaker the culture, the easier the task of promoting multiculturalism. Refugee advocate Rana Novack is using AI to help predict new waves of migration — so the world can help before disaster strikes. His most infamous proposal: building a “Great Wall” on the U.S.-Mexico border, a structure he recently said U.S. tax payers will pay for … Some people warned that these Asian immigrants were too alien and would never fit in. But they fitted in just fine. Texas Sen. Ted Cruz became the first major candidate to declare for president, but some question whether he's eligible since he was born in Canada. He said it in praise; others used the phrase to disparage the country. The weaker the culture, the easier the task of promoting multiculturalism. One third are enthusiastic multiculturalists. While the top three source countries for Canada today are the Philippines, India, and China, the top source countries for Quebec are France, Algeria, and China. In 2010, technologist Tan Le took the TEDGlobal stage to demo a powerful new interface. “Well, at least we’re not Americans,” people in Canada concluded. The new Dominion of Canada, barely a quarter century old, was in danger of failing. Canadian politicians must protect and preserve tolerance and diversity within the mosaic, a mosaic that’s still a far more successful and resilient structure than nationalism of whatever variety. How Ted Cruz's Father Shaped His Views On Immigration : It's All Politics The Texas senator says giving a path to citizenship to immigrants in … Yet many defenders of laïcité also defend the historical ties to Catholicism. For when it comes to preserving and renewing a society, nationalism can be a curse. Keith Banting of Queen’s University has tracked the country’s attitudes toward immigration and found: Canadians aren’t as tolerant as they think they are. The government flooded Scandinavia, Germany, Ukraine, and everywhere in between with leaflets, touting Canada as the “Last, Best West,” “the New Eldorado,” with “rich virgin lands” that were “protected by the government”. Excerpted with permission from the new book Empty Planet: The Shock of Global Population Decline by Darrell Bricker and John Ibbitson. In 2015, Quebec accounted for 18 percent of immigrants despite having 23 percent of Canada’s population. But even in the rest of Canada, a significant minority is uncomfortable with newcomers. All rights reserved. Eastern Europeans not only stocked Prairie Canada but became integral to the country. In this short film, Welcome to Canada, learn about a Syrian refugee’s story, Mohammed Alsaleh, who fled violence and imprisonment by the Assad regime during Syria’s Civil War. They flourish in, a largely peaceful, prosperous society. Quebecers work hard to preserve their identity, with laws restricting the use of English and requirements that children attend French-language schools. And Quebecers are far less tolerant than their counterparts in the rest of Canada. How to Use TED Talks for ESL Lessons Practice Listening. Moved page to Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 because Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 was occupied. Its language is one of the hardest to learn. © TED Conferences, LLC. Between January and August, Canada admit ted 128,430 permanent residents. Unlike the US and Europe, Canada welcomed the world — but with the stipulation that arrivals had to have the skills and education to find work quickly. The first thing the visitor heard as he approached the cabs outside the airport was a lively discussion in Arabic, which brought him up short. Canada, not so much. Chris was born in a remote village in Pakistan in 1957. Obama’s former ICE man talks immigration. But that failure has been the secret sauce of its postnational, multicultural success. TED Talk Subtitles and Transcript: Michael Rain is on a mission to tell the stories of first-generation immigrants, who have strong ties both to the countries they grew up in and their countries of origin. This is extraordinary — in a century when most developed nations will see populations decline, Canada will continue to grow, robustly. The less the sense of self, the less the sense that another is the Other. With the French and English already estranged, there was no pot for arrivals to melt into, so they kept many traditional ways as they adapted to a new land. Donald Trump’s inauguration in January 2017 spurred fears of deportation among foreigners in the US. This column looks back at the Age of Mass Migration (1850-1913), when 30 million migrants moved from Europe to the US, to examine whether such fears are justified. To equal Canada’s intake, on a per capita basis, the US would need to accept about 3 million legal immigrants a year — three times its current level. Even if Hungary did welcome immigrants, people might think twice, for linguistic reasons alone. It’s that commitment to policing immigration that has, paradoxically, sustained such high levels of support… As for illegal and irregular immigration, Canadian governments from both ends of the political spectrum have worked—quietly—to ensure there is as little of it as possible. TED.com, home of TED Talks, is a global initiative about ideas worth spreading via TEDx, The Audacious Project, TED Books, TED Conferences, TED-Ed and more. Many Quebec immigrants are Muslim, and they tend to be less well educated than immigrants coming into the rest of Canada. There is a mosque in the middle of town, the most northerly mosque on the planet. While Trump and the Republican Party don’t like immigration in general, they tend to agree that legal immigration is acceptable, or as Sen. Ted Cruz summed up, “Legal good, illegal bad.” Empty Planet: The Shock of Global Population Decline. Yes, Canadians worry about the boomers growing old; yes, health care is under stress; yes, politicians argue over whether to raise the retirement age, improve public pensions, or both. As a cohesive, clearly defined nation, Canada may be not much to look at. If the flow returns to 2019 levels, that number will rise to 240,000, or … Part of this has to do with the policy of laïcité, the French devotion to secularism that was a reaction to the Catholic Church. History was once defined by what was left behind, through artifacts and structures that stood the test of time. Inuvik is a town of about 3,500 souls, two hundred kilometers north of the Arctic Circle, in Canada’s Northwest Territories. I ask that we all amplify the conversation with better awareness and the ability to gauge our intent versus the impact. Hopefully someone who knows how to move to a page that already exists will fix that. In 1896, Clifford Sifton confronted just about the biggest problem a politician can have. 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